The Arawak people, who came from the South American coasts, were decimated by their warlike enemies: the Caribbean Indians. They themselves were wiped out by the first Spanish, English and French explorers
No doubt there were more than three hundred Kanak clans before the explorer James Cook arrived in 1774, but it was he who changed the name of the island in homage to Scotland. The New Caledonian archipelago is situated in the heart of the southern Pacific and spans 500 kilometres.
Even if a French crew originally in search of Eldorado, landed on Guiana in1500, just after Christopher Columbus had already been there, it wasn’t until1644 that a genuine European commercial establishment really began.
As a trading post of the East India company from 1642, and the site of pirates landmarks, this volcanic mountain was brought to life as it rose up out of the Indian Ocean, which had up to that point been uninhabited