Yeshiva to Rouen's Medieval Jewish house

  • Rouen Jewish culture, history & religious heritage in France

    Rouen Jewish culture, history & religious heritage in France

  • French spirituality and religion

    French spirituality and religion

  • Jewish spirituality and religion in Rouen

    Jewish spirituality and religion in Rouen

Yeshiva to Rouen's Medieval Jewish house

Unearthed over thirty years ago
in the old French city
of Rouen, the Jewish religious
heritage monument in France, now believed to be a yeshiva (a school for
advanced Jewish religious study) is a unique monument to spiritual France’s Jewish culture and history

1976: during restoration work in the courtyard of the old French city of Rouen’s
courts of law, workers discovered a series of 12th century rooms that appeared
to be a spiritual tours
monument in France of Jewish origin. Careful archeological and
historical analysis revealed it to be an extraordinary discovery not only for the
famous French city
of Rouen, but for the world.

The discovery of a yeshiva
suggests that this capital
city in spiritual
France may have been a religious
heritage center of Jewish
culture and history, life and learning. While synagogues or small prayer
rooms (oratories) were somewhat commonplace wherever communities of Jews lived,
the establishment of a yeshiva in towns or capital cities in France was a far more complex
undertaking and would have required the support of many Jewish communities not
only to build it, but to maintain and attract scholars and students to that religious heritage center in

At this time in history Paris,
Perpignan and Troyes were major centers of Jewish study. The discovery of this religious spiritual heritage monument
in France underscores the role of spiritual France as a major center of Jewish

Norman Jewish
culture and history
. France has always been a melting pot, and Normandy
is no different being one of the spiritual religious tours regions in France.

The Jews arrived in Normandy
before the advent of Christian rule, accompanying the Romans after the conquest
of Gaul by Julius Caesar.

The Romans gave the Jews
religious, cultural and economic freedom. The main street of the Jewish
community was called vicus judaerorum (Jews Way) and it was here that the small
Jewish community lived and did business.

Located within the walls of this religious spiritual heritage site in France, the vicus judaerorum (which was not
a ghetto as we understand the word because the Jewish population was free to
mix with the local pagan and later Christian population) extended beyond
Normandy’s boundaries.

The Jewish Monument is open to
the public. There are guided religious
spiritual tours in France for Rouen each Tuesday at 3PM, but
reservations are necessary. For information contact the Rouen Tourist Board:
+33 2 32 08 32 47